Women are at constant risk of developing chronic diseases, which can be related to their modifiable lifestyle behaviours. Most women in the working class group juggle to maintain work-life balance. Stress, lack of physical activity, sleep deprivation and unhealthy eating habits can lead to diabetes, hypertension, heart diseases, obesity, depression and even some types of cancer.
The common lifestyle diseases, which can affect women, are:
PCOS - most commonly noticed in young reproductive aged women. It’s a hormonal disorder leading to menstrual irregularities, obesity, and infertility.Obesity – 80% of urban Indian working women in the age of 25-45 years are overweight due to stress, sedentary lifestyle or because of unhealthy eating habits.
Metabolic Syndrome can be linked to obesity, CVS diseases, high cholesterol levels and fasting glucose levels in the blood. This can be due to stress, poor eating patterns or lack of physical activity.
Depression/Anxiety disorder - Main reason for this is long working hours and strict deadlines.
Chronic Backache - Commonly seen in women at work which is exacerbated by long hours of static posture at work, inappropriate /no back support, excessive and sudden weight gain by the sedentary lifestyle.
Lack of exposure to sunlight can lead to Vitamin D Deficiency- this can further mount to fatigue, bone pain and other risk factors.
Correct body posture at work/home - Proper sitting posture will prevent from chronic backache either at work or home. Intake of Calcium is good for the bones in women above the age of 40-years.
Prominent factors contributing to lifestyle diseases:Physical inactivity, bad food habits, inappropriate body posture and a disturbed biological clock.
Hunched backs, back pain, and frailty used to be things older women had to accept before doctors knew anything more about osteoporosis. Now, there are steps women and girls can take to avoid such problems.
"Osteoporosis is largely preventable," says Mark. "The behaviours that women develop in their childhood, in their adolescence, and in their early adult years really play a significant role in the development of the disease."
That's because bodies build up most of bone mass until age 30. Then new bone stops forming and the focus is on maintenance of old bone.
Your body will do what it can to repair bone damage, but you have to provide the tools for it, such as adequate calcium consumption and weight-bearing physical activity," says Mark.
Risk factors for osteoporosis include:
- Increasing age
- Small, thin-boned frame
- Ethnicity. White and Asian women have the greatest risk.
- Family history
- Sex hormones. Infrequent menstrual cycles and estrogen loss due to menopause may increase risk.
- Diet low in calcium and vitamin D
- Medication use, particularly glucocorticoids or some anticonvulsants
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Excessive alcohol